Areas that consists of the number of wind turbines for the sake of power generation from wind and are connected with each other in the different way is called as wind farm. Basically wind farm consists of many wind turbines that are connected with each other to produce small amount of electrical power that becomes powerful after connecting with the transformer. All the electrical energy that is generated by the different wind turbines individually are collected at the junction known as the substation. Different strategies are used to build the wind farms in different locations or area.
Types of Wind Farms:
On the basis of the location or the area of installation of the wind farms, wind farms are distributed in four different types. Different types and different number of wind turbines are used in different locations. The types of wind farms are given below
- Near shore
It is that type of wind farm in which the wind farms are created on the onshore areas and all the installations of the required amount of the wind turbines generally paced in the hilly or the mountain area is referred to as the onshore wind farms. Basically these kinds of wind farms are created to avoid the topographic conditions of the wind energy. Wind turbines should be placed very carefully because a distance between wind turbines in the wind farms really matter because we can increase the output of the electrical energy.
Another type of the wind farm is the near shore, it is that type of wind farm in which the wind turbines are arranged on that location which is almost in the radius of 3 km is called as near shore wind farms. These locations are beneficial for the created a wind farm because the pressure of the wind in these areas comparatively high from the other location. So they are able to generate more power.
The third type of the wind farm is that type in which wind turbines are installed on the areas that are out of the shoreline, almost 10 km from the land is referred to as the offshore wind farms. The wind farms in those areas are comparatively better because they are away from the obstacles like on the land and the pressure of the wind is also good.
Airborne is the type of wind farm in which towers are not required and such type of system is also not connected because the turbines do more rotation due to the power of high wind and that is why it is free from tower installation system.
Selection of Location for Wind Farms:
The selection of the location for the wind farm need real importance during installation because the place selected for the creation of the wind farm should match the following factors
- The speed of the wind in those locations should be high to produce large amount of energy.
- The farms should be build on higher altitudes
- Mutual inference in the working of the wind turbines should be check by observing their effects because they really affects the output power.
- Check out t effects of the wind farms or the wind turbines on the environment
- Another important factor also carefully observe that what are the effects of the wind farms on the grid stations because it really helpful for the production of the power.
Future of Wind Farms:
Future of the wind farms is very bright because the resources that are used for the production of the electricity are very costly as compared to wind. And by using this free of cost resources wind farms can would produce handsome amount pf energy in the future.