Wind profiler is the instrument or set of instruments that collectively makes equipment that is used for observing the whether and the climatic changes it is sometime called as profiling wind system or wind radar. They are also known as WPs in short it also has the ability to measure the wind speed in multiple directions as specified. the reading that it makes are above the sea level to the point in the range from 8 to 17km because at this level the water vapors are present which makes the radar bounce in the whether system. It was first discovered by the Chinese scientist .the earliest winder profiler used antennas for determining the direction of the wind but with the passage of time radar technology overcome the antennas.
How Wind Profilers Works?
A wind profiler works with the help of radar and also with the sound waves SODAR to detect the wind speed and it proper direction at different levels above the ground .it makes different reading at different levels to tell the exact whether condition. The information that is gathered from evaluating the position and direction of wind is very useful and effective in the meteorological system and also for reporting the flight planning. latest and advance whether research centers uses wind profiler every hour and the data it gather is also updated wit the help of history from NOAA website and platforms after every 12 hours to keep in scenic with the advanced whether systems. Latest research has been conducted which escalated in different technologies that can be useful in the radar wind profiler but still the sorts reliable is the radar wind profiler. Radar wind profiler is operated on the rule of pulse Doppler radar and its functionality is almost similar to the Doppler sonar system but it odes not use electromagnetic signal and waves for its working.
Applications of Wind Profilers:
Wind profilers are used in almost all the meteorological forecast and research center. They are also used in the military to detect the direction of the wind to exactly target the enemy or to fire missiles. In the whether forecast centers they are used to consciously inform the direction of the wind which helps the meteorologist to inform with any unusual storm or wind disorder. They are also used to measure the vertical as well as horizontal velocity of the air in various atmospheres which also helps the scientist to stabilize the air pressures for implementing the stimulated models
Advantages of the Wind Profilers:
One of the biggest advantage of the wind profiler is that it continuously monitors the direction and speed of the wind without any break point or gap which makes it one of the accurate and efficient equipment in the filed of environmental sciences and whether forecasting. Another advantage is that I can prevent many fatal disastrous affect that can occur in the situation of storm and ocean imbalance. As the functions and measures the wind direction and speed above the sea level so it can easily detect form the speed of the wind about tidal waves and far storms that an hit the area in few hours. This helps us to prepare ourselves for the storms. They are very useful in reporting an alarming the flight situations which can prevent the major crashes. The flight reporting center can inform the pilot an cockpit members in time about the up coming air pockets that can pressurize the aircraft. This is done when the wind radar profilers measure the intensity turbulence and wind speed and inform the atmospheric stability to choose the appropriate action.