Many of us have heard about natural sources of energy but we are not aware about technology used for converting natural power into electrical energy. Now we will discuss here how photovoltaic cells convert raw sunlight into most desirable kind of energy, i.e is solar energy
Solar panels are made by photovoltaic cells which collects solar energy, these cells are made of silicon and are installed in a direction where maximum sun light can be received. Sunlight contains energy and when it hits on panels(solar cells), it converts energy into heat. When rays of sun hit silicon cells, negatively charged neutrons found in silicon cells releases from the trapped magnetic field to convert heat into electric current. Small wires on the silicon catch these neutrons and connect in a circuit to form electric current. Protons are found in raw sunlight and they are needed to be removed to convert solar power into electricity. Solar panel removes these protons and move the produced DC electric current towards conversion system attached within the panel.
Here DC current is converted in AC current so that it can fulfill needs at homes or offices.
This is how solar energy works and produce free energy for us.
How we can collect solar energy from sun in different ways?
Use of non-renewable natural sources for generating electricity is making these resources rare and expensive. Best alternate to this problem is to use solar power because sun will never stop shining until this world exists. Experts have found different ways of using solar power and convert it into other forms of energy.
- Passive solar techniques: In this technique sun rays pass through glass windows but there is no way to leave the heat out like Greenhouse, solariums and sunrooms.
- Flat plate collectors: This type of collector is preferred to use to fulfill domestic heat and water necessaries form solar power. This panel consists of dark black color absorbers that attract the heat.
- Solar PV modules: These modules are famously known as solar panels and are used to produce electricity. Sunlight hit these modules and electrons and protons create a stream of power which is used as Alternate current after removing the band gap of these two elements. Cells are most important part of these modules and they store the produced power within them until connection is not made with supply chain.
How people use solar energy today?
Use of solar panels to convert solar energy into electric current is increasing day by day. Solar power energy is an eco-friendly replacement of electric power that they get through environment damaging factors. They use it for different purposes like at home solar power is used to cook food, get hot water, lighting the house, using air conditioners or heaters and to powering all major appliances used at home. This alternative does not seems costly to home users as they are not generating electricity for their own without considering about the bill that they will get in the end of month.
Besides homes, solar energy is serving best at industry level as well. Full fledge industries are getting benefits from this source to run heavy machinery and perform regular duties as well. Read more uses of solar energy here.
Video demonstration for better understanding of how does solar energy works ?
Latest Developments in solar plants:
Solar panels industry have taken leaps and bounce of advancement courtesy bio development and nanotechnology. These panels are not available in market for public use. It is expected to see them in market within a year or two.
Importance of thinking Green
Increasing global warming is major concern for everyone to think green and those ways that are eco-friendly. Besides this, increased charges of electricity bills are forcing us to think wisely and get a solution that is not so heavy on our pockets. Many of us know about immense benefits that natural energy sources can give us at home and industrial level. Solar power is also one of easiest available natural energy source used at many places for generating electricity. Through this source, energy is harvested from sun with help of cells and converted in desire form of energy through solar panel. Now it is most certainly about time to realize importance of solar energy and how it can benefit man kind as far as energy crisis is concern.