Ethanol is the same alcohol which is available in bars and pubs for drinking purposes. However the scientist has realized that this alcohol is injurious to human health but it is a blessing for car engine. Ethanol is Biofuel which is a renewable energy sources and is widely popular because it is environment friendly.
The use of Ethanol in Cars
Ethanol is used alone or along with gasoline concentrations to improve the working of the engine. Ethanol has been adopted due to its fuel efficiency and reliability. Ethanol has become an important pat of all fuel gas. Almost more than 95% gasoline supplied in the United States today contains 6% ethanol. Thus the compatibility of ethanol to be used with natural gas has made it invincible. The growing need for fuel due to the increase in number of cars has not only created problems for suppliers and users but also for car manufactures in the form of lower profits. Thus manufacturers switch to the alternative technologies like ethanol engines. Hence many types of ethanol like E85 containing 85% ethanol and 15% natural gas is a growing market today. E85 is an essential fuel component of flexible fuel vehicles. E85 is produced in mid Western Europe especially where there is abundance of corn crop. Crops like corn are also used in the making of E diesel.
Characteristics of Ethanol
The energy content of ethanol is lower than the gasoline. This is the reason why one third of extra ethanol is required to travel the same distance as with the gasoline. However there are many reasons for its use. Ethanol fuel has high octane rating and therefore it is considered efficient in terms of performance. The combination of 15% gasoline and 85% ethanol is really helpful in starting engine in cold weather. It is also used to increase the luminosity of flame when ethanol is used as a fire. Flexible fuel vehicles are vehicles which can use any type of ethanol fuel. These cars and trucks are designed to utilize the high performance ethanol fuel. Ethanol is produced form corn, animal food and other bye products. It is produced by the fermentation of corn and other bye products. The process of ethanol production is similar to the process of producing alcohol. The production of ethanol is a new phenomenon hence it is considered as an expensive way of making fuel as compared to the petroleum products. However this fuel source is an environment friendly way of traveling. Ethanol is an emerging market for the car makers. Last but not least the energy content of ethanol is much higher than the energy needed to produce it.
The Benefit of Ethanol on Economy
The automotive industry can be an important industry of any country. However this energy is facing crisis since the fuel prices are soaring worldwide. Hence the need for fuel alternatives which can also become an attractive market for more and new investment is also required. Moreover it is considered a vital issue to look for alternative fuel sources to ensure national security. The scarcity of oil reserves and pollution created by the diesel and oil also enhances the need for the bio fuels. The bio fuels are produced form the crops like corn, sugarcane and used vegetable oil. This fuel can be used along with the small percentage of gasoline to support car engines. The ethanol car engines are really environment friendly. In order to reduce the burden of foreign oil from economy it is important that we switch to ethanol cars. This would also generate a lot of new job opportunities because it is a new sector and the increased number of users can increase the size of industry.